The Bagni di Lucca thermal springs have been known since Roman times. They were frequented by Matilde of Canossa and Frederick II, and famous since the Middle Ages for the therapeutic properties of their thermal waters. During the Renaissance, the they were the preferred destination of princes, poets and famous doctors such as Montaigne, Falloppio and Redi, which described the extraordinary qualities of these waters.
Thank to Elisa Bonaparte, Napoleons’ sister and princess of Lucca, the Terme Bagni di Lucca have played a greater role both in national and international scene, not only as thermal site but, above all, as the centre of social life thanks to its Casino placed since the Middle Ages, near the thermal site. It was through the Bourbon Duchy that the site reached the highest reputation, when it was frequented by Metternich, Vittorio Emanuele I, Louis Napoleon (the future Napoleon III), Rossini, the Demidoff, Heine, Byron, Shelley and Dumas, to mention just a few names.
During the Belle Époque, the thermal site was the favourite spot for English, Russians and French people, and there were a lot of illustrious guests who stayed in Bagni di Lucca and visited the thermal baths: Ouida, Pascoli, Croce, Puccini, Verdi, Mascagni, Queen Margherita of Savoy. Many of them have written about it, describing it as a paradise both for the body and the spirit.